Employment Profile of English Speakers in Nord-du-Québec


About this report

Sithandazile Kuzviwanza, Director of Policy & Research, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Morgan Gagnon, Policy Researcher, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Joshua Loo, Policy Research Intern, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Nicholas Salter, Executive Director, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Chad Walcott, Director of Engagement & Communications, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Maria De las Salas, Communications & Engagement Specialist, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Marla Williams, Consultant


This profile contributes to the knowledge and understanding of the employment issues faced by Nord-du-Québec’s English-speaking communities by surveying the most comprehensive information on the demographic and labour force conditions of English speakers in the region.

Key Findings:

  • The English-speaking community comprises 23,340 individuals within Nord-du-Québec’s total population of 43,895. Nord-du-Québec is the only region with a higher percentage of English speakers than French speakers (53.2% compared to 40.4%). 
  • The majority of individuals living in Nord-du-Québec are Cree and Inuit, and speak an indigenous language as their mother tongue.
  • English speakers make up 51.9% of the labour force in Nord-du-Québec, which is less than their weight in the region’s total population. This is not uncommon – in three out of five resource-oriented regions, English speakers are underrepresented in the labour force.
  • Individuals aged 25-44 make up the majority of the labour force in Nord-du-Québec, irrespective of linguistic identity. 
  • Among English speakers, there are more women than men in Nord-du-Québec’s labour force (26.1% compared to 25.7%). There are only three other regions where this is the case, all of which are also resource-oriented (Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Côte-Nord, and Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine).
  • The top industries in which English speakers are employed are healthcare, public administration, and education.
  • The unemployment rate in Nord-du-Québec is almost double the provincial unemployment rate (13% compared to 7.2%). The unemployment rate among English speakers (16.6%) is the third highest rate experienced by any English-speaking community in the province. French speakers have an unemployment rate of 9.1%.
  • Youth aged 15-24 experience the highest unemployment rate of any age group. English-speaking youth have an unemployment rate that is almost double (26.8%) that of  French-speaking youth (14.2%).
  • English-speaking men have the highest unemployment rate of any sex-linguistic group (20.6%) in Nord-du-Québec. French-speaking women have the lowest unemployment rate of any sex-linguistic group (6.6%).
  • English speakers in Nord-du-Québec earn a significantly lower median after-tax salary than French speakers ($28,969 compared to $36,428). This is the largest income disparity observed in the province. 
  • English speakers in Nord-du-Québec have the lowest rate of postsecondary attainment in the province (30.4%), and the highest rates of no formal educational attainment (56.1%) in the province.