Employment Profile of English Speakers in Côte-Nord


About this report

Sithandazile Kuzviwanza, Director of Policy & Research, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Morgan Gagnon, Policy Researcher, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Joshua Loo, Policy Research Intern, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Nicholas Salter, Executive Director, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Chad Walcott, Director of Engagement & Communications, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Maria De las Salas, Communications & Engagement Specialist, Provincial Employment Roundtable

Marla Williams, Consultant


This profile contributes to the knowledge and understanding of the employment issues faced by Côte-Nord’s English-speaking communities by surveying the most comprehensive information on the demographic and labour force conditions of English speakers in the region. 

Key Findings:

  • There are 5,175 English speakers in Côte-Nord’s 90,680-person population.
  • Côte-Nord is a resource-oriented region, meaning that much of its driving economic forces revolve around primary industries such as mining, forestry, and fishing. 
  • More than half of the English-speaking community in Côte-Nord (2,905 persons) live in the MRC of Le Golfe Saint Laurent, particularly in the Lower North Shore area.
  • The English-speaking community accounts for 5.7% of both the population and labour force in Côte-Nord. In the majority of other resource-oriented regions, however, English speakers are underrepresented in the labour force.
  • Côte-Nord is one of only four regions where there are more English-speaking women than men in the labour force. The other regions in which this occurs (Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Nord-du-Québec, and Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine) are also resource-oriented regions. 
  • The top industries in which English speakers are employed are health care, construction, and retail. A high proportion of English speakers living in the Lower North Shore work in the construction industry.
  • Côte-Nord has the third-highest overall unemployment rate in Québec, at 12.4%. The rate of unemployment experienced by English speakers in Côte-Nord is more than double the regional rate, at 25.5%. This is the highest unemployment rate experienced by any English- or French-speaking community in any region in Québec.